Nonnumeric stuff in calculations
Nonnumeric stuff in calculations
Sometimes you come across nasty stuff in calculations, stuff like poles or 0/0, for example, where you're simply unable to tell a definite numeric result. Smart people invented NaN ("Not a Number") to cover such cases. So they can now proudly write tan(90°)=NaN and ln(5)=NaN and 0/0=NaN etc. That's a nice and compact method for signalling a calculation "went off track".
If you get such a result in manual operation of your calculator, you may frown but usually know immediately what you did wrong. If, OTOH, such a result is returned by a routine, it may cost you some time and effort to find its origin  then you will try avoiding this "error" case in future by applying suitable means.
Now the question: Will you ever throw such a NaN result into a subsequent calculation?
I.e. put something nonnumeric into a numeric procedure? If true, why?
Of course you can, and I've seen some academic examples where this was done  but does anyone know a realworld problem where this turned out advantegeous or beneficial? (No computer science but down to earth, please.)
Thanks in advance for your answers!
If you get such a result in manual operation of your calculator, you may frown but usually know immediately what you did wrong. If, OTOH, such a result is returned by a routine, it may cost you some time and effort to find its origin  then you will try avoiding this "error" case in future by applying suitable means.
Now the question: Will you ever throw such a NaN result into a subsequent calculation?
I.e. put something nonnumeric into a numeric procedure? If true, why?
Of course you can, and I've seen some academic examples where this was done  but does anyone know a realworld problem where this turned out advantegeous or beneficial? (No computer science but down to earth, please.)
Thanks in advance for your answers!
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Re: Nonnumeric stuff in calculations
Propagating NaNs is useful for heavy number crunching, like anything involving large matrices. You just look for NaNs in your final output (and for infinities), and save yourself the cost of performing error checks on all your intermediate results.
Re: Nonnumeric stuff in calculations
Walter, that's a really intriguing question, and I really had to think about it. I'm a Civil Engineer, so in real life there's really no way to encounter a NaN that's not an error, so I started thinking about your question more abstractly.
I encounter the inverse pretty regularly that is, I find terms that are so nearly zero compared to the other variables I can safety ignore them. But your question made more sense when I thought about times where I had to make an educated guess about something unknown, and it drove my results to the point where the answer got "silly".
A recent realworld example I encountered was the conceptual cost of a new water tank. I had a good idea of how large a tank I needed, along with the height of the tank. I didn't know the actual location of the tank, and that was considerably above my pay grade. The location depended on things like land acquisition costs, aesthetics, local neighborhood pushback, etc. When I did the cost estimate, the price of installing roads and water mains (plus the costs of attaining easements and upsizing water main size for longer distances) far overshadowed the cost of the tank itself. It was something like a 500% to 1000% cost swing depending on where they actually put the tank.
I encounter the inverse pretty regularly that is, I find terms that are so nearly zero compared to the other variables I can safety ignore them. But your question made more sense when I thought about times where I had to make an educated guess about something unknown, and it drove my results to the point where the answer got "silly".
A recent realworld example I encountered was the conceptual cost of a new water tank. I had a good idea of how large a tank I needed, along with the height of the tank. I didn't know the actual location of the tank, and that was considerably above my pay grade. The location depended on things like land acquisition costs, aesthetics, local neighborhood pushback, etc. When I did the cost estimate, the price of installing roads and water mains (plus the costs of attaining easements and upsizing water main size for longer distances) far overshadowed the cost of the tank itself. It was something like a 500% to 1000% cost swing depending on where they actually put the tank.
DM42 S/N 00039
Re: Nonnumeric stuff in calculations
Programs are the main use case for me. Thomas's suggestion of matrices is another  not all elements will necessarily become NaN's. Solve, integrate and the derivatives can also benefit  the 34S derivative code uses 4, 6 or 10 point estimates. Infinite or NaN results are handled (I hope
Re: Nonnumeric stuff in calculations
I would even expand on the question a little. Is it correct that a calculator returns the reciprocal of +/0 as infinity? Well, I can still imagine this (, the result, not infinity). But can the result infinity be used in another calculation? Specifically, is it correct that now the reciprocal of infinity gives a result of 0?
EDIT:
I must apologize once more. Of course, you can only see this behavior if flag 107 (FLAG_DANGER) is set. But the question remains, is the reciprocal value of infinity allowed to give a result of 0?
EDIT:
I must apologize once more. Of course, you can only see this behavior if flag 107 (FLAG_DANGER) is set. But the question remains, is the reciprocal value of infinity allowed to give a result of 0?
Last edited by Dani R. on Fri Dec 27, 2019 11:49 am, edited 1 time in total.
DM42 SN:00032
Re: Nonnumeric stuff in calculations
Not without preserving any information about why it's not a number.
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The earth is flat. It just appears round because it is massive and curves spacetime.
The earth is flat. It just appears round because it is massive and curves spacetime.
Re: Nonnumeric stuff in calculations
From a practical point of view for me it is essential that in a formula compromised of sequential RPN steps, that no one step will result in a hard error, regardless how bad the error is, because that will require manual intervention and stop the process.
When you graph or solve for roots of f(x) = sin (x) / x  5 x ^2 + x between pi and pi, you expect a continuity issue at x = 0 where in fact you are really not interested in that point on x. Flagging a result to be able to handle it at the end, or not even handle it in case of a graph, is essential.
The above RPN example of ENTER ENTER ENTER SIN X<>Y / X<>Y SQR 5 *  + would require the fnSubtract and fnAdd functions to be able take as an input, the 0/0 result of the divide by 0. If you would not, the first function with 0/0 would throw an error. And the graph stops. Or the root find stops.
In another example I wrote of yesterday, in viewtopic.php?f=2&t=2216&start=670, I plotted f(x) = (sin(x)/x + sin(10x)/5) / 2 + 2/x which had two issues, fortunately not stopping the plot function at 0, for 0/0 and 2/0.
When you graph or solve for roots of f(x) = sin (x) / x  5 x ^2 + x between pi and pi, you expect a continuity issue at x = 0 where in fact you are really not interested in that point on x. Flagging a result to be able to handle it at the end, or not even handle it in case of a graph, is essential.
The above RPN example of ENTER ENTER ENTER SIN X<>Y / X<>Y SQR 5 *  + would require the fnSubtract and fnAdd functions to be able take as an input, the 0/0 result of the divide by 0. If you would not, the first function with 0/0 would throw an error. And the graph stops. Or the root find stops.
In another example I wrote of yesterday, in viewtopic.php?f=2&t=2216&start=670, I plotted f(x) = (sin(x)/x + sin(10x)/5) / 2 + 2/x which had two issues, fortunately not stopping the plot function at 0, for 0/0 and 2/0.
Jaco Mostert
Elec Eng, South Africa
WP34C, HP42S, DM42 for complex math; 35S, 28C, 32Sii, WP34S, EL506P, ELW506, PB700; owned FX702P & 11C; used 67 & 85. iOS: 42s (Byron), Free42, WP31S/34S, HCalc.
WP43C running on DM42 sn. 03818 .
Elec Eng, South Africa
WP34C, HP42S, DM42 for complex math; 35S, 28C, 32Sii, WP34S, EL506P, ELW506, PB700; owned FX702P & 11C; used 67 & 85. iOS: 42s (Byron), Free42, WP31S/34S, HCalc.
WP43C running on DM42 sn. 03818 .
Re: Nonnumeric stuff in calculations
I see your point totally, but that's not quite the same as throwing that result into a subsequent calculation, though?Jaymos wrote: ↑Sat Jan 04, 2020 5:52 pmFrom a practical point of view for me it is essential that in a formula compromised of sequential RPN steps, that no one step will result in a hard error, regardless how bad the error is, because that will require manual intervention and stop the process.
When you graph or solve for roots of f(x) = sin (x) / x  5 x ^2 + x between pi and pi, you expect a continuity issue at x = 0 where in fact you are really not interested in that point on x. Flagging a result to be able to handle it at the end, or not even handle it in case of a graph, is essential.
The above RPN example of ENTER ENTER ENTER SIN X<>Y / X<>Y SQR 5 *  + would require the fnSubtract and fnAdd functions to be able take as an input, the 0/0 result of the divide by 0. If you would not, the first function with 0/0 would throw an error. And the graph stops. Or the root find stops.
In another example I wrote of yesterday, in viewtopic.php?f=2&t=2216&start=670, I plotted f(x) = (sin(x)/x + sin(10x)/5) / 2 + 2/x which had two issues, fortunately not stopping the plot function at 0, for 0/0 and 2/0.
DM42 #40 running WP43C  DM41X #50
The earth is flat. It just appears round because it is massive and curves spacetime.
The earth is flat. It just appears round because it is massive and curves spacetime.
Re: Nonnumeric stuff in calculations
Hi
In the example above the ‘erroneous’ result is going in as an operand into the Subtract function as not a number, is expected not to halt, out again into X, and into the next function, the Add, again as not a number.
The OP referred to a practical example of a not number going into a function. This is one.
J
In the example above the ‘erroneous’ result is going in as an operand into the Subtract function as not a number, is expected not to halt, out again into X, and into the next function, the Add, again as not a number.
The OP referred to a practical example of a not number going into a function. This is one.
J
Jaco Mostert
Elec Eng, South Africa
WP34C, HP42S, DM42 for complex math; 35S, 28C, 32Sii, WP34S, EL506P, ELW506, PB700; owned FX702P & 11C; used 67 & 85. iOS: 42s (Byron), Free42, WP31S/34S, HCalc.
WP43C running on DM42 sn. 03818 .
Elec Eng, South Africa
WP34C, HP42S, DM42 for complex math; 35S, 28C, 32Sii, WP34S, EL506P, ELW506, PB700; owned FX702P & 11C; used 67 & 85. iOS: 42s (Byron), Free42, WP31S/34S, HCalc.
WP43C running on DM42 sn. 03818 .

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Re: Nonnumeric stuff in calculations
That could be dealt with using an exceptionhandling mechanism. The HP42S does this in SOLVE, where any occurrence of Out of Range, Divide by 0, Invalid Data, and Stat Math Error, in the function, results in a nonlocal exit back to SOLVE.